2. Oden (おでん): Oden is a kind of stew usually served during the winter and it is prepared with several ingredients such as boiled eggs, daikon, konjac, and processed fishcakes stewed in a light, soy-flavored dashi broth. The ingredients may vary according to region and between each household, and it is often sold on food carts for as cheap as 100 yen (about US$ 0.85). Karashi (a yellow paste made of a kind of mustard) is often used as a condiment. /I used not to like oden, especially when I was little, and I think the reason why was because I didn't like several of the ingredients my dad used to prepare it. However, when I went to Japan and tried it again, I started liking it a lot, propably because it had been cooked with authentic Japanese ingredients, which greatly enhanced the flavor of the dish. /source.
Oden recipe: Mamanoli.
3. Udon (うどん/饂飩): It's kind of thick noodle made of flour. Udon is erved normally as soup, along with a hot broth based on dashi, shoyu (soy sauce) and mirin. In a simple bowl of udon, one or more ingredients are added, which give rise to various types of udon such as tsukimi udon (prepared with raw poached egg in hot soup), wakame udon (prepared with a seaweed called wakame), kitsune udon ("kitsune" means "fox", and the reason for the name is because it uses ague (fried tofu) chopped in triangular shapes, resembling the ears of a fox), and tanuki udon (prepared with tempura). /My favorite udon styles are tsukimi udon, kistune udon and tanuki udon. /source.
Udon recipe: Mikami (kitsune udon).
*Tororo Soba /source*
Chilled soba (called zarusoba, ざるそば) is name after after the bamboo strainer (called 'zaru') used during the Edo Period to serve the noodles. /source.
Soba recipe: Just One Cookbook
Zarusoba recipe: Just One Cookbook
5. Sukiyaki (鋤焼/すき焼き): Sukiyaki is a Japanese dish typically prepared on the table as you eat, in another words, people serve themselves as the ingredients are cooked. Sukiyaki is prepared with finely sliced beef and/or pork, vegetables (such as chard, hourly, spring onion, moyashi, udon, tofu, soybeans, mushrooms - such as shitake and shimeji -, konnyaku and ito konnyaku, kamaboku, among others), and sometimes noodles. It accompanies a sauce that is prepared with shoyu (soy sauce), sugar, sake mirin (sake for cooking) and ajinomoto (monosodium glutamate). /I think this is my favorite dish ^^ /source.
6. Yakisoba (焼きそば): Despite being a dish of Chinese origin, yakisoba (which literally means "fried soba noodle") is consumed a lot by the Japanese, and indispensable in traditional Japanese festivals called matsuris. Yakisoba is composed of vegetables that may or may not be fried along with the noodles, and to which some kind of meat (such as beef, pork or chicken) is added. /My dad makes a wonderful yakisoba! /source.
*We see omuraisu in anime a lot ^^ /source*
7. Omuraisu (オムライス): A classic example of a youshoku dish (Western-influenced food, originated during the Meiji Era), the omuraisu is basically an omelet, which can be stuffed with different ingredients, and decorated with ketchup. Words and phrases can be written on it, or even drawings. /My obatian makes omuraisu from time to time, but we do not use ketchup. Instead, we use sauce for tonkatsu (Milanese sauce) Bull Dog (it's ust as delicious) /fonte.